ÖNEMLİ DOĞA ALANLARINI SAVUN

Başlangıç » KIYI ALANLARINDA VUKUATLAR » Infringements in Coastal Areas

Infringements in Coastal Areas

map-defense-kba-sites-monitored-08-2016

Code= Orange infringment coastal site is included in the inventory of KBA Defence upon the observations by SAD team or the information provided by local people. Orange code infringement is publicized in our web sites or press release is done or reported to the relevant governmental organizations through official communique

Code= Black infringment coastal site is included in the inventory of KBA Defence upon the observations by SAD team or the information provided by local people. Black code  infringement is publicized in our web sites to create public awareness as necessary and support given to local NGO(s) and local environmental platforms. Preparations is being done and reports are being prepared to apply to or report to the responsible/relevant governmental departments

Code= Blue is a monitored site before KBA defence project. The infringment coastal site had been monitored and the necessary steps been taken by SAD previously

***

map-defense-group-kba-sites-monitored-08-2016

map-defence-marmara-region-kba-sites-monitored-08-2016

Çanakkale   M-17-Karabiga-HT01: (Karaburun, 2014-2016) 

The project team received an information about construction of this coal fired thermal power plant (TPP) on the coastal areas between Karabiga town and Aksaz village from local people and local press. One of them is Karaburun TPP project and as part of the project this area has been monitored since 2004. Within this project, pristine coasts of Karaburun, Fener and Büyük Mersin cove areas have been closely monitored by Karabiga Clean Environment Protection Association, Çanakkale İDA Platform, SAD-AFAG and many other nature conservationists working individually and in cooperation. Within the scope of SAD-AFAG KBA Defence Project, sociological importance of Karabiga coasts for local people and for ecological balance was also conveyed to the mayor and city councillors by meeting them intervally. In these meetings, acquired findings and information about our comprehensive report called “Southwest Marmara Sea Biological Diversity Report” were sent to the councillors in April 2015. The planned coal fired TPP would give serious ecological harms to nature and especially destruct natural coastal habitats, which will effect breeding status of wildlife species in the vicinity. The coastal stretch between Karabiga and Aksaz village is very vulnerable against any change or deterioration on the habitat. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report was controversial and as it could be understood this EIA report contained lots of imperfect data, misleading information and wrong statements on the monk seals and habitats. So, our research reports proved the contrary and all necessary documents and information as well as visuals were submitted to the court, to the DG Nature Conservation and National Parks and to the investors. Moreover, as SAD, we discussed face to face with some of the organizations that were planning to make investments to this region in 2015 and 2016 and we provided information best available about the natural life on Karabiga coasts and especially about Mediterranean monk seal and their pristine habitats, so we achieved to make a great step and created a difference in their perspective and how the sites are selected wrongly from the beginning. The followings are some of the wild species proved to exist in the region: black necked diver (Gavia arctica regular wintering and feeding), shag colonies (Phalacrocorax aristotelis resident and breeding population), bee-eater (Merops apiaster breeding population), bats (breeding in rocky coasts and coastal caves), Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus breeding population), sea other (Lutra lutra local breeding population), sparrow hawk (Accipeter nisus), fox and jackal.   

Status: Construction of coal power plant planned in the vicinity of Karabiga Karaburun area is suspended for a long time and construction didn’t start. Judicial process is still in progress.

 Link 1  Link 2   Link 3    Link 4   Link 5   Link 6   Link 7   Link 8  Link 9   Link 10

Çanakkale  M-17-Karabiga-HT02: (Söğütlü Yalı, 2014-2016) 

We received information about construction of coal thermal power plants (TPP) on the coastal areas between Karabiga and Aksaz region from local people and local press. Pristine coasts between Karabiga and Aksaz where planned coal-fired TPP and an ash dump area might take place has been closely monitored by Karabiga Temiz Environment Protection Association, Çanakkale İDA Platform, SAD-AFAG and lots of nature conservationists working separately or in cooperation since 2014. Within the scope of Defense KBA Project, sociological importance of Karabiga coasts for local people and for ecological balance were also conveyed to the Mayor and the City councillors through  meetings time to time. In these meetings, our findings and information given in our comprehensive report “Karabiga – Southwest Marmara Sea Biological Diversity Report” were submitted to the councillors. The coal-fired TPP planned to be constructed in this site would give serious ecological harms to nature and the area. Söğütlü Yalı is a pristine and untouched zone representing perfect coastal habitat for marine & coastal flora-fauna in Kararabiga region. Environmental impact assessment report (EIA report) was controversial and as it could be understood this EIA report contained lots of imperfect data, misleading and wrong information on the species. These are some of the wild species proved to be living in this region:  black necked diver (Gavia arctica regular wintering and feeding), shag colonies (Phalacrocorax aristotelis resident and breeding population), bee-eater (Merops apiaster breeding population), bats (breeding in rocky coasts and coastal caves), Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus breeding population), sea other (Lutra lutra local breeding population), sparrow hawk (Accipeter nisus), fox and jackal.   

Status: Karabiga Municipal Council decided to give dissenting view against coal TPP plant applications after February 2016 except the one already approved and being constructed by Cenal Co. in Güvercinli. Also, local residents of Karabiga have always been rejecting coal power plants in their region definitely and have opposed to any power plant in the Public EIA meeting in Karabiga.  Link 1  Link 2

Çanakkale  M-17-Karabiga-HT03: (Fırıncık, 2014-2016)

We have received information from press and local people that there will be a coal-fired thermal Power Plant in the coastal area between Karabiga and Aksaz. Since April 2014, a TPP and ash dump site that has been proposed to be built side by side at the mentioned untouched coastal area between Karabiga and Aksaz is closely followed in terms of new construction attempts by the Karabiga Clean Nature Association, Çanakkale İDA Platform, SAD-AFAG and several other nature conservationists from the area where they work both individually and collectively. Within the scope of Defence KBA Project, both the Mayor and the Councillors were provided with information underlining the importance of Karabiga coasts in terms of ecology and sociology at one-on-one meetings and through frequent correspondance. They were given facts and findings within the framework of our comprehensive “Karabiga Biological Diversity Report”. If constructed, the thermal PP will be located on a very vulnerable area where significant ecological damages will be inevitable. EIA report presented is clearly controversial as it contains missing, wrong and misleading information about the ecosystem and the species in the area. SAD has put forward clear grounds that the EIA report does not reflect the truth. These are some of the wild species proved to be living in this region:  black necked diver (Gavia arctica regular wintering and feeding), shag colonies (Phalacrocorax aristotelis resident and breeding population), bee-eater (Merops apiaster breeding population), bats (breeding in rocky coasts and coastal caves), Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus breeding population), sea other (Lutra lutra local breeding population), sparrow hawk (Accipeter nisus), fox and jackal.   

Status: Karabiga Town Council has decided to dissent any application regarding any termal Power Plants’ application after February 2016 except Cenal Co. in Güvercinli district. Local people, too, has never consented the construction of a thermal PP in here and severely objected conclusion of the “public participation meeting” to be done in Karabiga as a prerequisite for EIA process.  Link 1

Çanakkale   M-17-Karabiga-HT04: (Klarya Yalısı, 2014-2016)

We have received information from press and local people that there will be a coal-fired thermal Power Plant in the coastal area between Karabiga and Aksaz. Since April 2014, a thermal power station and a cinder dump site that has been proposed to be built side by side at some untouched coastal areas between Karabiga-Aksaz is closely followed in terms of new construction attempts by the Karabiga Clean Nature Association, Çanakkale İDA Platform, SAD-AFAG and many nature conservationists from the area where they work both individually and collectively. Within the scope of Defence KBA Project, both the Mayor and the Councillors were provided with information underlining the importance of Karabiga coasts in terms of ecology and sociology at one-on-one meetings and through frequent correspondances. They were given facts and findings within the framework of our comprehensive “Karabiga-Southwest Marmara Sea Biological Diversity Report”. If constructed, the thermal PP will be located on a very vulnerable area where significant ecological damages will be inevitable. EIA report presented is clearly controversial as it contains missing, wrong and misleading information about the ecosystem and the species in the area. These are some of the wild species proved to be living in this region:  black necked diver (Gavia arctica regular wintering and feeding), shag colonies (Phalacrocorax aristotelis resident and breeding population), bee-eater (Merops apiaster breeding population), bats (breeding in rocky coasts and coastal caves), Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus breeding population), sea other (Lutra lutra local breeding population), sparrow hawk (Accipeter nisus), fox and jackal.   

Status: Karabiga Town Council has decided to dissent any application regarding any coal-fired TPP’s application except Cenal Inc. at Güvercinli district, the initial one. Local people, too, has never consented the construction of a thermal PP in here and objected the peoples’ gathering to be done in Karabiga town as mandatory part of the EIA procedure.  Link 1

Çanakkale  M-17-Karabiga-HT05: (Güvercinli, 2012-2016)

A coastal facility investment whose construction has started before Defence KBA Project. It was constructed just on Güvercinli coast of Karabiga in spite of severe opposition of the local people and local & national scale NGOs and the legal procedures. This TPP is one of the 5 coal fired TPPs that have been planned side by side, on a very important ecological site, a coastal stretch that lies between Karabiga and Aksaz Village, approx. 15 km. long. This coastal stretch is one of the very rare untouched and pristine coasts remained natural in whole Sea of Marmara.   

The other 4 TPPs that were originally planned could not take start upto now due to strong opposition of scientists, local & national scale NGOS and most important the local people of Karabiga town and Çanakkale province. Güvercinli coast is the closest points to Karabiga at its western direction and is the only place that a TPP construction continues in the area.   Link 1  Link 2   Link 3  Link 4

map-defence-karaburun-region-kba-sites-monitored-08-2016

İzmir  E-35-Karaburun-HT01: (İçme, 2013-2016)

An illegal building construction and stone wall blocks stretching out to the seaside have been determined on the coastline of Karaburun İçme district. SAD-AFAG has reported this situation to Karaburun District Sub-Governorship, Karaburun Mayor and Izmir Province Governorship through official communique. As it has been consulted to Izmir Cultural Assets Protection Council about this issue, it has been answered through writings that the mentioned coastal area remains in the borders of the Natural Protected Area, the situation  mentioned above is illegal and demolition is necessary. It has been determined that both the building construction and the stone wall blocks on the coastline have been totally unpermitted and illegal.

Status: It has been brought in a verdict formally for the demolition of the illegal building construction on the coastline which is a Mediterranean Monk Seal habitat. Since it has been observed that Karaburun Municipality has not demolished the building despite the verdict, SAD-AFAG has taken steps in this direction to make sure that Karaburun Municipality implements this decision. On condition that demolition of the illegal coastal housing is not performed despite the verdict, judicial process will be referred by SAD within the scope of the Project.  Link 1  Link 2

Izmir  E-35-Karaburun-HT02: (Sasko, 2016)

A few new buildings were determined in Sasko summer housing in Karaburun Eşendere in 2016. As it can be seen on the link, the illegal situation, coastal law being in the first place, has been reported to the related organisations through formal petitions and postscripts written by SAD. Former Local Karaburun Seal Commitee volunteers have also collaborated by examining on-site and helping with communication. Karaburun District Governorship and Environmental Protection Unit took action for the demolition of the illegal concrete platforms, the shower cabins and the concrete steps seawards. SASKO Housing Management has performed the demolition and clean-up in order to restore the coastline and provided coordination and information flow through written communication with the related governmental departments and SAD AFAG. Basic structures that people need to benefit from the sea have been provided to be planned properly and legitimately.

Status: The infringement was prevented. The area has been restored and collaboration between local people and related organisations has been provided to build coastal constructions within coordination and in a planned way.  Link 1  Link 2  Link 3

Izmir  E-35-Karaburun-HT03: (Hamzabükü 2004-2016)

A summer house construction has been determined in Karaburun Hamzabuku district and the district to be 1. degree SIT Area. As well as the mentioned summer house construction itself is illegal: it has been documented that some quite big boulders had disembogued during construction and excavation and that these boulders have started to  destroy the seal cavern just below the rocks on which the summer house construction is located. The responsible person, a faculty member titled Professor working in a Faculty of Architecture in one of the leading universities in İzmir, has been made a denunciation. The situation has been reported to the related  organizations along with some photographs. The suspect has been judged by the heavy criminal court and he was warned to end his illegal activity along the mentioned coast and also fined.

Status: The construction of the illegal building on the coastline has been detained. However the demolition of the mentioned construction has not been completed yet. On the other hand, the coastal caverns whose entrance has been blocked by the fallen boulders become difficult to be entered by marine mammals although it has been observed by SAD-AFAG that the big cave whose entrance is still open is being used by the monk seals living in the vicinity.

İzmir  E-35-Karaburun-HT04: (Hamzabükü, 2004)

At Karaburun Hamzabükü location, a summer house construction activity on sea side were observed. It was understood that the area was 1. Degree Natural SIT Area (1.derece doğal sit alanı). Summer house construction was found out to be without permission and license. During this construction, coastal landscape was certainly damaged and natural rocky form of the coast was changed as well. Before initiating procedures by SAD for removing the construction, owner of the house was informed about criminal complaint to be filed against him. Despite this information, owner of the illegal house did not take any measures.

Status: The relevant local Sub-governor and Municipality were strongly reminded again accordingly. As a result of continuous monitoring and communication strategy, the building was ruined by the owner himself at the stage of initial construction.

İzmir  E-35-Karaburun-HT05 : (Aslan Burnu, 2010-2011)

A pier was planned Karaburun Aslan cape for ferries between İzmir-Foça-Karaburun. SAD as always being a NGO promoting marine transportation, sent a supporting letter stating that it would be benefical for both transportation and natural protection of Karaburun. However, it was also stated that site location was extremely improper. After about 2 years of negotiations, discussions and correspondence, offical institutions, Karaburun Municipality and local people declared that they came to an agreement with SAD-AFAG for pier to be located at a new site outside fishing shelter at Karaburun center.

İzmir  E-35-Karaburun-HT06:  (Dolungaz zone, 2012)

The Karaburun Ferry Pier and Marina Project was again tried to be shifted at another untrodden location of Karaburun,  despite there were alternatives of Saipaltı or Karaburun. As a result of negotiations and meetings of different stakeholdres and effective workout of SAD-AFAG and the documents submitted, the Karaburun Municipality abaondoned the idea of realizing these projects at pristine and natural coasts. The communique letters and attached reports of SAD are given in the related links.

İzmir E-35-Foça-HT01: (Orak Island, 2016)

In Foça Orak Island where endangered Mediterranean monk seals, shag breeding colonies, alpine swifts, ferroginous ducks, lesser kestrels inhabit is nowadays subject to an unbelieavable and illegal actions. However, steps to prevent this illegal attempt are being taken by SAD-AFAG.

In the west of Foça lies Orak Island. Siren Rocks located west coast of Orak Island where even landing is forbidden due to its status as a conservation area for Mediterranean monk seals, a small housing together with a pavilion built ont the rocky coasts on the southwest coast of Orak Island in Foça. With this such a bad example, Orak Island became a kind of open to risks of coastal development by any other individual. This action was clearly illegal, but it reminds us of many examples that has started similarly and ended up with mass construction areas threatening the habitat all the way through.  

SAD-AFAG brought the issue to the attention of Ministry of Environment, Foça Municipality, İzmir Metropolitan Municipality, İzmir Governorship and all other related bodies of whom we thought somehow missed the issue. Similar buildings might appear on the island by simply taking it as an example or the building that can be seen in the photograph below can be enlarged by adding new living spaces. We believe that this illegal housing should be immediately demolished by the authorities. Otherwise SAD will have to start judicial process by filing a criminal complaint file. Foça and its islands are still in the status of protected areas that was announced as Special Environment Protection Area in 1990.

Status: As soon as this problematic issue was heard (as of 02 June 2016), Foça Orak Island illegal development case was shared in social media, among SAD members and other conservationists. In order to remove the building, General Directorate of Cultural and Natural Heritage was informed about the issue in meetings and then a report was prepared and sent to related departments in the Ministry with an official cover letter in 10.08.2016.  Link 1  Link 2

İzmir  E-35-Çeşme-HT01: (Çeşme and Alaçatı coasts, 2016)

As Çeşme and Seferihisar district governorate announced in June 2016, Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, and General Directorate of Cultural and Natural Heritage stated that some very important natural areas in the South of İzmir will be degraded in terms of their protection status, which will make them vulnerable to the risk of housing. These areas include Çeşme and Alaçatı coasts on the West of Izmir; Sığacık, Kokar, Kotan and Seferihisar coasts on the South West of Izmir.

After a thorough examining by SAD, this regulation made in compliance with the “By-law on Procedures and Principles of Determination, Registration and Approval of Protected Areas” that was issued on 19.02.2013 and No: 28564 is understood to be against the determination criteria for conservation areas that should be. Eventhough there has been some incorrect and missings in the section of terms and criteria, the coasts, incorproting features that coincide to the by-law article 7(2) a and h are never mentioned including any vulnerable areas where protection is obligatory and this itself drew a rebuff from researchers, conservationists, trade associations and academics. The companies which signed the contract to acrry out the protected areas assessment jobs have the Ecosystem Assesment Reports issued by non-experts. Moreover, there is no information about related authorities sharing these Ecosystem Assessment Reports with public opinion. SAD started meetings and consultations with Chamber of Environmental Engineers in İzmir and Chamber of City Planners in İzmir and Doğa Derneği (Nature Society). MoEU, MoFW and Izmir Gorvernership were informed by SAD-AFAG’s report on protection of KBAs to be protected against developments damaging the natural & pristine coasts within Izmir Province, all the relevant coordinates of the coasts to be protected with maps and an official communique. In the meantime, within the scope of SAD Defence KBA Project, Ozan Veryeri from SAD attended meetings with the related chambers, NGOs and academics to share institutional views.

Status: Views and comments of Ministry of Environment is still expected to be received as the decision maker and regulatory body. SAD continues to be in contact with the related authorities on the issue of protection of natural coastal areas in Izmir that should remain under protection and shares any information with the public through the press and the social media.

İzmir  E-35-Seferihisar-HT01: (Seferihisar and Doğanbey coasts, 2016)

As Çeşme and Seferihisar district governorate announced in June 2016, Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, and General Directorate of Cultural and Natural Heritage stated that some very important natural areas in the South of İzmir will be degraded in terms of their protection status, which will make them vulnerable to the risk of housing. These areas include Çeşme and Alaçatı coasts on the West of Izmir; Sığacık, Kokar, Kotan and Seferihisar coasts on the South West of Izmir. 

After a thorough examining by SAD, this regulation made in compliance with the “By-law on Procedures and Principles of Determination, Registration and Approval of Protected Areas” that was issued on 19.02.2013 and No: 28564 is understood to be against the determination criteria for conservation areas that should be. Eventhough there has been some incorrect and missings in the section of terms and criteria, the coasts, incorproting features that coincide to the by-law article 7(2) a and h are never mentioned including any vulnerable areas where protection is obligatory and this itself drew a rebuff from researchers, conservationists, trade associations and academics. The companies which signed the contract to acrry out the protected areas assessment jobs have the Ecosystem Assesment Reports issued by non-experts. Moreover, there is no information about related authorities sharing these Ecosystem Assessment Reports with public opinion. SAD started meetings and consultations with Chamber of Environmental Engineers in İzmir and Chamber of City Planners in İzmir and Doğa Derneği (Nature Society). MoEU, MoFW and Izmir Gorvernership were informed by SAD-AFAG’s report on protection of KBAs to be protected against developments damaging the natural & pristine coasts within Izmir Province, all the relevant coordinates of the coasts to be protected with maps and an official communique. In the meantime, within the scope of SAD Defence KBA Project, Ozan Veryeri from SAD attended meetings with the related chambers, NGOs and academics to share institutional views. 

Status: Views and comments of Ministry of Environment is still expected to be received as the decision maker and regulatory body. SAD continues to be in contact with the related authorities on the issue of protection of natural coastal areas in Izmir that should remain under protection and shares any information with the public through the press and the social media.

İzmir  E-35-Özdere-HT01: (2014)

A summer house cooperative construction was carried on in Özdere Kalemlik Peninsula which had already been under heavy urbanisation threat and a Monk Seal cave remained under the construction area. It was another habitat loss for the Monk Seals that we know living and breeding in the area.  Link 1   

Aydın  E-09-Kuşadası-HT01: (Botanic Park, 2014-2015)

In November 2014, a road and a huge elevator construction site was observed just on top of a Mediterranean monk seal coastal breeding cave. It was going to be a clear habitat loss for this endangered species. As of April 2015, SAD contacted with the local AFAG representative, effective NGOs and local conservationists. AFAG also contacted with the Municipality of Kuşadası, Kuşadası Town Sub-governorship, Aydın Province Governorship and the related Ministries directly. A very intensive correspondance and in person talks were carried on by SAD-AFAG about this illegal coastal facility constructions in the area and habitat loss that started in 2014 and suspended in 2015, pictures of monk seals that lived in the caves at that time were shared and SAD asked this enterprise to be stopped immediately as it is against the international conventions that Turkey is party to.

Status: As a result of the cooperation among SAD-AFAG, EKODOSD and individual  conservationists in Kuşadası, an intensive correspondence with the related competent authorities, press releases, reports with photographs and videos attached paid off where coastal road construction and an elevator building had come to a halt. The Mediterranean monk seal cave is still active and 3 monk seals have been observed swimming around the coastal cave and photographed. This is important showing that the species still live in the area. The huge elevator construction could not start and the tunnel from the hotel to the coast and the road construction at the initial stage are now halted and sealed by Kuşadası Municipality official.  Link 1   Link 2   Link 3  Link 4

map-defence-mugla-region-kba-sites-monitored-08-2016

Muğla  EA-48-Ula-HT01: (2010)

It was determined that the sea adjacent to the coast near Ferek district has been filled with soil and rocks by the Village Elder, which is certainly against the Law on Coast. The filling operation was observed by the local people and a local NGO and documented with photographs. SAD and local NGO Gokova Akyaka’yı Sevenler Derneği (GASDER) have made intervention with swift complaints made verbally to the authorities and also via official communique. This coastal area is important especially for sea birds, shore birds, herons and raptors as documented by SAD with its Gokova ICMM Project held in 2009 and 2010.

Status: The coastal and sea filling operation was stopped thanks to the interventions made by SAD and GASDER in 2010.  Link 1  Link 2

Muğla EA-48-Marmaris-HT01: (Asardibi, 2015-2016)

Serçe Limanı Cove and Asardibi Cove in Marmaris are natural havens featuring both archeological and natural assets and 1st Degree SIT Protected areas. Here nature friendly daily use is allowed only and the pristine bay has been serving tourists from abroad and domestic without being damaged in its original features. However, it has recently been attempted to alter natural structure of the bay and coasts by some illegal private enterprises breaching the legislation clearly last year. Nature conscious people in Marmaris, a local non-governmental organization (Kıyılar Herkesin İşgale Son – Coasts Belong to Everyone, Finish / stop the Occupation) and SAD saw in situ and documented the activities such as illegal road construction, damaging the coast structure through crushing by construction equipment and sea embankment which are observed in this last period in Asardibi bay. Reports were issued and sent to Ministry of Forestry, Mugla Governorship and Marmaris Municipality through official channels in April and May 2016. Furthermore this matter was reflected in the press. 

Status: Marmaris Municipality officially stopped the enterprise making new structures, roads and coast embankment as a result of our 3rd attempt although necessary actions were not made in the first attempt. The enterprise was locked up and sealed. Non-governmental organizations (NGO) kept a close watch on the bay and persistent correspondence and notices yielded result. On 20th May 2016; Marmaris Municipality came to Asardibi bay with a team and demolished illegal stone buildings and iron and wooden comprehensive pier on the coast.  Link 1  Link 2  Link 3  Link 4

Muğla  EA-48-Marmaris-HT02: (Kuz Bükü Cove, 2015-2016)

In our visits and observations made in the region where there is road in the coast fields from the land in Bozburun peninsula in March 2016 in the scope of ÖDA defending project; members of our association observed that construction material transport is made for the purpose of construction of certain coast structures and floating pier in the vicinity / region of Kuz Bükü which is understood that it can be reached from sea only from Germe Bay which is close to Muğla province, Marmaris district, Bozburun center and where there is a small port that only fishing boats harbor and this information was confirmed by the persons working there and the company making material transfer were determined. This situation was conveyed to Bozburun Gendarmerie station command by phone and to Bozburun municipal police in the scope of visit made in workplaces and both units informed that they shall investigate the matter. Furthermore SAD informed the matter to make measures urgently to protect these coasts having natural and archeological importance by conveying them to the relevant governmental institutions in a report together with photos taken from the field promptly on 05/05/2016.

Status: An official letter on that it was made a decision to stop any kind of illegal structuring and activities damaging the naturalness at coasts in the scope of the letter of SAD observations in reply letter dated 24th May 2016 of Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Muğla governorship determined that coast structures in Marmaris Kuz Bükü (and in Söğüt Port which is mentioned herein below) are illegal and asked by an official correspondence made to Marmaris District Governorate and Marmaris Municipality to make necessary actions in order to stop them. Link 1  Link 2

 

Muğla EA-48-Marmaris-HT03: (Söğüt Limanı Cove, 2015-2016) 

As it is realized by the Project team in situ in April 2016 in the scope of KBA Defence Project and in the observations made in the vicinity/region of Söğüt port; structures which of construction completed and in progress at virgin side hills where coast section ends were determined and it was assessed that the subject virgin coastal areas fall within 1st Degree natural SIT protected area status. SAD conveyed information about the subject area and the structures thereon through a report attached to a official SAD cover letter.  

Status: Determinations of SAD were acknowledged to be right in reply letter dated 24th May 2016 of Ministry of Culture and Tourism and a letter on that a decision was made for any kind of illegal structuring and stopping of activities damaging the naturalness on the coasts was received. Ministry of Culture and Tourism asked necessary actions from Muğla governorship, Marmaris District Governorate and Marmaris Municipality for promptly stopping the structuring and coast destruction there. Link 1  Link 2

Muğla  EA-48-Milas-HT01: (Ören, 2014-2016)

A marina was constructed very close eastern coasts of Ören in Gökova Bay in Muğla Province. Under normal conditions the MoEU DG Nature Protection asks formally opinion of the related Universities and NGOs who have expertise knowledge on construction of such a coastal facility, however, this time the project was drawn and construction started in haste without even giving any prior hint or asking possible impacts of the project on coastal & marine ecosystems.  Birçok vukuatlı alan takibi sırasında SAD’ın haberini alamadığı ve bu önemli doğal alandaki betonlaşmayı ilgili resmi kurumlara rapor edemeden firma marinayı tamamladı!..

Sonuç: Akdeniz foku yaşam alanlarına bitişik büyük bir kıyı tesisi yapılarak Ören Marina inşa edildi. Marina mendireğinin doğu ucu, Akdeniz foku mağara ve kovuklarının olduğu bölgeye çok yakın bir noktaya uzanmaktadır. SAD-AFAG bölgede Akdeniz foklarının varlığı ve deniz mağaralarının kullanımını takip edecektir.

Muğla  EA-48-Dalyan-HT01: (Dalyan kumsalı, 2015-2016) Muğla Valiliği tarafından Dalyan kumsalında Daçev adlı bir özel işletmeye Büfe İşletme İzni verildi ancak bunun ilerde hatta yakın vadede Dalyan kumsalı üzerinde gittikçe büyüyen yatırımlara dönüşeceği ve alanın hassas ekolojik yapısının ciddi şekilde bozulacağı anlaşıldı. Yerelde yapılan gerçek ve tüzel kişilerin müdahalelerine SAD olarak destek verildi.

Sonuç: Özellikle yerelden yapılan doğa koruma müdahaleleri ve ayrıca hukuki süreç sonucunda Daçev adlı Vakıf’a verilen izin 2015 sonbaharında iptal edildi. Buna rağmen Daçev Köyceğiz’den teknelerle büyük hacimli jeneratörler ve seyyar ahşap yürüme yolları, şezlong ve şemsiyeler bölgeye getirildi. SAD’ın ve yine yerelden STK ların müdahaleleri ve kamuoyu oluşturma çabaları ile Dalyan kumsalındaki tesis Muğla Valiliği tarafından 30 Mayıs 2016 tarihinde jandarma eliyle toplanarak şirketin caretta üreme kumsalından çıkarılması sağlandı. Link 1  Link 2

Antalya  A-07-Kaş-HT01: (2015) Kaş’ın nüfusunu yaklaşık olarak 10 binler seviyesinden 40 binler seviyesine çıkaracak 1/25.000 lik imar planı tüm bölgenin ekolojik varlığını tehdit ediyordu. Yöredeki çok sayıda STK, doğa korumacı gerçek kişi ve hukukçu duruma itiraz etti. Yerelde KASAD (Kaş Sualtı Derneği) ve Kaş Turizm ve Çevre Derneği ile temasta olan SAD Mayıs 2016’da yereldeki bu STK ların isteği üzerine yayınlanacak olan bir manifestoya imza attı. Ve korunması gereken Kaş doğasını ve özellikle kıyılarını koruma yönünde irade gösterdi.

Sonuç: Kaş’tan bir doğa korumacı Avukatın vekalet ettiği davada 11.08.2016 itibari ile mahkemeden 1/25.000 lik yeni İmar Planına karşı Yürütmeyi Durdurma kararı çıktı.  Link 1

map-defence-mersin-region-kba-sites-monitored-08-2016

Mersin  A-33-Yeşilovacık-HT01: (Yeşilovacık Port, 2012-2016)

We have been informed about an industrial port investment project in the region. The chosen construction area was quite close to a breeding cave of Monachus Monachus.

As Underwater Research Society – Mediterranean Monk Seal Research Group (SAD AFAG), we were officially invited to meetings and were asked to declare opinion. METU IMS and Dep.of Biology / University of Mersin were the other two institutions whose opinions were sought for. 

All three institutions declared at the meetings which were held at General Directorate for Nature Protection and National Parks for that the mentioned port project would be detrimental to the habitat of Monachus monachus on a large scale. Despite this declaration, to our surprise, an affirmative opinion was sent by DG Nature Protection & National Parks to DG EIA. As a result of this, the Ministry of Environment approved the investment and the construction began intensively on 2013.

Following the reckless (unconcerned) reaction by the authorities, a letter of complaint was submitted to the secretariat of the BERN Convention. Additionally as a response to the situation, the NGO Underwater Research Society issued a summons against the ministry responsible for the protection of wildlife in Turkey for reaching a critical decision based on a superficial report and disregarding the environmental significance of the site. Later, the ministry stated that no construction will begin until the National court has reached its final decision.

According to the report submitted by the Turkish government to the Standing Committee of the BERN Convention in October 2013, Turkish authorities halted construction for only five months despite the previous decision that “there will be no construction until the National court has reached a final decision” but meanwhile commencement of the construction operation was tragically witnessed. It was recently stated in the report of the Standing Committee held on 3-6 December 2013, that Turkish authorities will establish a pool of experts to inspect the current situation and that meanwhile building construction be suspended until the possible impact on the morphology of the cave and consequently on the Monk Seal population are assessed.

The research team has visited the area on a regular basis and witnessed that the construction activities carried on (with some deceptive slowdowns) in the area even during the breeding season of the monk seal. The efforts to push the authorities to take necessary actions and to stop the construction until the court’s decision have so far proven unsuccessful. It is vitally important to emphasize that, since the gigantic port construction  is continuing and has recently progressed extremely rapidly then in all probability construction may be finalized before the national court reaches its final decision.

Mersin  A-33-Aydıncık-HT01: (Soğuksu, 2015)

It was observed by SAD-AFAG’s local representative that heavy machines opened a roadbed of 1 km. at the coast line between Soğuksu and Saplı Ada for a paved road construction in 2015. This activity is clearly a breach of “Law on Coasts” and “Law on Cultural Assets”, causing damage in 1st Degree Natural and Archeological Protection (SIT) Areas.  These coastal areas -the east of Soğuksu and west of Saplı Ada- are also the habitat for Monachus monachus. In 2015, reports and various notifications have been declared to the authorities by SAD-AFAG, mentioning about the irreversible destruction that this road would cause on natural and archeological assets. Besides, a letter of criminal complaint about (the involvement of) the Mayor was submitted to the Prosecution of Aydıncık.

Status: The coastal habitat damage that the machines have given starting from the point of the natural fresh water supply has been stopped at the point near Saplı Island. The legal inquiry process is ongoing upon initiated by SAD.  

Mersin  A-33-Aydıncık-HT02: (Sarı Yalak, Çakıllı Dönme Mevki, 2015-2016)

During our site visit to Aydıncık in February 2016, we witnessed concrete constructions among the pine trees and on the cliff at almost 30 km. far inside from the asphalt paved road. This formation would surely increase the human activity and would call forth more pressure on the area. The location is quite close to the breeding habitat of Monachus monachus. Pine trees had been cut down and rocks had been crashed demolishing the natural habitat to open a roadbed from the cliff down to the seaside.

Both SAD-AFAG and METU IMS had repeatedly declared to the authorities that this coast is the most valuable habitat for Monachus monachus. Despite this, the construction began in February 2016 without any legal basis or permit from the authorities, bleaching the Law for  Coasts and clearly causing an  irreversable detriment.

Status: The road down to the seaside is completed by the beginning of June 2016. SAD observes the area on a regular basis. In the context of the ÖDA Savun Project, SAD informed the Mersin Governorate  and the Ministry of Forestry and Water Management  with a letter dated 12.06.2016. As a result of this initiative, the roadbeds are managed to be closed with rocks preventing the passage down to the seaside . Also the electric poles are taken back from the site and are sent to Aydıncık town center. The construction activity stopped by the end of June 2016.

Mersin  A-33-Aydıncık-HT03: (Marina project on Aydıncık beach 2012-2016)

A marina project has been in the agenda to be constructed on Aydıncık beach for long time. It has been emphasised to the relevant authorities on the importance of Aydıncık and the vicinity in terms of monk seals in the recent period even before KBA Defence project. Aydıncık region provides key coastal habitat for monk seals. Both SAD-AFAG and METU-IMS have declared that excessive human activities pressure as a result of marina and intense tourism will certainly have negative impact on the marine and coastal ecosystem  & breeding habitats of several endangered species with special reference to Med. monk seals (Monachus monachus) and Loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) and Green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas). Dağlık Taşeli (Cilicia) part of the north Levant Sea is squeezed between highly populated and touristic Antalya region in the west and Mersin region in the east.

As SAD-AFAG determined the fact with documents, there were some tricks made in order to create a fake on the existence of monk seals in Aydıncık area. In 2012, Aydıncık Municipality issued a letter addressed to Aydıncık Aqua Products Fishery Cooperative asking if there are monk seals observed around Aydıncık region with the aim of opening a discussion intentionally, although it is very well known that the area is famous with its monk seal breeding population and countless sighting data. Aydıncık AP Fishery Cooperative replied to this quest notoriously claiming that monk seals have not been observed in and around Aydıncık with a Memorandum of Understanding signed by a group of about 25 local fishermen some of whose signatures are fraud!.. This was clearly a n incorrect statement misleading the public and the State.

After clarifying this fact and obtaining the documents & communication, SAD-AFAG contacted with MoFW and Mersin Governorship and stated that it will be following the matter and monitor Aydıncık area for any habitat destructions risks that may arise. SAD-AFAG have observed several monk seals and even rescued a pup and achieved to meet mother and pup around Yelken Island, only a km. away from Aydıncık in October 2010. Link 1

The subject is highly debated. Some misleading statements and official communiques including incorrect bio diversity information has been detected and disclosed public by SAD-AFAG.

Status: Aydıncık marina project could not be realized after dissenting views and opinions provided in the meetings with the relevant stakeholders especially to decision makers in 2015 in Ankara and in Mersin.  Link 1  Link 2   Link 3

Mersin  A-33-Gülnar-HT01: (2016)

A coastal habitat destruction has been reported by local people to SAD Defence KBA project team on the natural coastline near Boncuklu Island, in Gülnar, Mersin in April 2016. Some concrete blocks and rocks in big pieces were deposited using heavy construction machines, while this illegal construction was observed, filmed and video documented by SAD-AFAG’s local representative of Aydıncık deposited.

Meanwhile, the natural coastal structure was attempted to be deformed by making a “coastal walking path” using natural rocks taken from sea bottom and sediment taken from  the sea. All these attempts were documented with photos and films by local NGO representatives in Mersin province. A report issued by SAD within KBA Defence Project was delivered to the relevant GO’s, in which the articles breached in Coast Act was also referenced. Also, Gülnar Gendarmerie Station has been denounced on the infringement by phone call and technical details were provided about the infringement.

Status: By April 2016 in cooperation with local GO’s and Gendarmerie Station, the illegal construction attempts on natural coastline were stopped before reaching further levels. Being alerted, SAD representatives, KBA Project team and local people members has been monitoring the area within intervals.  Link 1

Hatay  A-31-Yayladağ-HT01: (2014-2016)

Samandag and Yayladag coasts are occupied by breeding Green sea turtles Chelonia mydas and Mediterranean monk seals Monachus monachus in unique marine caves nearby. In the core zone of this habitat, a cement plant and an industrial harbour settlement is planned to be constructed. The first information on such a construction project plan was heard back in 2014. SAD Defence KBA Project team has included this development as a strongly potential infringement case into its files in May 2016.

Status: Middle East Technical University-Institute of Marine Sciences (METU-IMS) academics and resident local nature conservationists showed strong initiative for nature conservation and interfered with reasoned objections. The case is subject of controversy. SAD-AFAG was backed up with the sufficient background knowledge from the interested local people and METU-IMS academicians. Still more precise data is needed from the field. The relevant governmental units will be reported and be informed by detailed reports and remedial actions will be asked to be taken towards better planning and conservation of this vulnerable coastal zone.  Link 1  Link 2

Türkiye  T-Monk Seal Caves-MR03: (2016)

Although the threats for monk seals along Turkish coasts greatly differ from region to region in the country, disturbance to monk seals in sea caves, their ultimate refuge along the remote coasts, is a real menace for the species. The problem is especially prominent in popular diving locations with cliff and rocky shores, such as in Çeşme, Kuşadası, Bodrum, Fethiye, Dalaman, Marmaris, Kaş, Kekova, Kemer, Antalya and Alanya, where monk seals still breed and are present permanently. Suitable sea caves are the only niches within the species’ habitat for reproduction and resting, and therefore play a crucial role for the continued survival of this rare marine mammal. It has been realized that some of the tourism stakeholders, mainly daily excursions boats and some tourist diving companies, have been diluting the above mentioned article of the Aqua Products Circular and claim that letting their customers enter the monk seal caves by boats or by swimming, is not covered by the previous regulation and for this reason they have the freedom to enter sea caves as they please. Therefore, SAD-AFAG deemed it necessary to prepare an amendment submitted to the DG Fisheries & Aqua Products (under the Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Husbandry) in January 2016 with an official SAD communiqué (in Turkish) dated 5th January 2016 and No. SAD-16/03 given below, filling-in the “legal gaps” that were misused by some stakeholders.

Status: The existing regulation on disturbance of Mediterranean monk seals in caves along the Turkish coast was amended exactly as proposed by SAD-AFAG in January this year and published by the DG Fisheries & Aqua Products in the Official Gazette on 13 August 2016. The amended regulation reads as follows: “It is forbidden to use any light source inside, dive by any means into, enter by swimming or any other way into, wait or anchor in front of either underwater or surface entrances to caves used by Mediterranean monk seals”. The amended version of the related article was published in both, the Professional Aqua Product Fishery Circular No 2016/35 and the Recreational Aqua Products Fishery Circular No 2016/36.  Link 1  Link 2

© 2015-2016 SAD-AFAG
English Translation from Original Web Page: Aslı S. Dönertaş, Emrecan Polat, İlksen D. Baş, Münevver Cesur, T. Meral Kıraç, Yaman Asil, Vahit Alan
Field Data : C.O. Kıraç, N.O. Veryeri, M. Sarı, C. Ekinci      GIS Maps : Dr. G. Kaboğlu, V. Alan     Defence KBA Logo: Çağlar Cebeci
All the data in Defence KBA web site have copy right. The web page link can be shared or used freely. The information and data in this web site can be taken or used by the relevant governmental departments without any copy right restriction. The information here in this page can be fully or partially used providing the suggested reference. In case further or detailed information is required, please contact with sad@sad.org.tr 
Suggested reference:
Kıraç, C.O. and Veryeri, N.O. 2016. Defence and Protection of Key Bio-diversity Areas Along Turkish Coasts (Defence KBA); Coastal Sites With Infringements. 1st Interim Report. SAD – Underwater Research Society. 31 August 2016. Ankara 

***

KBA_logo tam kenar

%d blogcu bunu beğendi: